Regular expression to validate an HTML hexadecimal color in jQuery

Today, I would like to share a useful code that could help when you need to know if a color is correctly entered in an input field. So, here is an example of how to validate an HTML hexadecimal color by using a regular expression in JavaScript.

regex

The regular expression to accomplish this task is:

^#([A-Fa-f0-9]{6}|[A-Fa-f0-9]{3})$

 Explanation:

^ – Represents the beginning of the string

# – Number symbol (to accept only colors starting with “#”, like “#33cc55”)

( – Indicates the beginning of the group

[A-Fa-f0-9]{6} – Accepts six characters: letters among A to F, a to f or digits.
| – An “OR” condition
[A-Fa-f0-9]{3} – Accepts three characters: letters among A to F, a to f or digits.

) – Indicates the end of the group

$ – Represents the end of the string

Now, for testing we need a little HTML like this:

<div class="testing">
	<input id="links_color" name="links_color" value="#445566" />
	<a id="validate" class="btn" href="#">Validate</a>
	<div id="errors_output"></div>
</div>

And this code uses the regular expression in JavaScript:

	(function($){
		$(document).on('ready', function(){
			function checkRegexp ( o, regexp, n, errors_output ) {
				if ( !( regexp.test( o.val() ) ) ) {
					o.addClass( "ui-state-error" ); // Uses a jQuery UI class
					errors_output.html("Error: " + n);

					return false;
				} else {
					errors_output.html("Correct! ");
					return true;
				}
			}

			$("#validate").on('click',function(){
				var links_color = $("#links_color"),	// This read a DOM object (input)
				errors_output = $("#errors_output");

				var valid = checkRegexp(
						links_color,
						/^#([A-Fa-f0-9]{6}|[A-Fa-f0-9]{3})$/,
						"Enter valid colors like #42AB56",
						errors_output
						);
			});

		}); // ends document ready
	})(jQuery);

If you prefer to test this code in a complete example you can download it! http://www.alex-arriaga.com/wp-content/uploads/files/compressed/demo-regex-example.zip

That’s it!

Be happy with your code!

Alex Arriaga

 

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